An essay presented by Alex Graves at 'The End of Human Magic' with David Musgrave at Drawing Room, 20 June 2018. In the essay, Graves considers the locus of creative magic within the billions of numbers processed by artificial neural networks, and asks how simple mathematics can cast the same spells as the grey stuff in our skulls.

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    The visual vocabulary of a convolutional neural network. Image courtesy Chris Olah, Alexander Mordvintsev and Ludwig Schubert at Google.